Call us free on
0800 255 0498

or 0161 85 00 884

Call us free on
0800 255 0498

or 0161 85 00 884

Monday to Friday 8.30am to 5pm (exc Bank Holidays)

Medical Articles

A comprehensive A to Z collection of medical articles.

Please note that all content on this website (including, but not limited to, copy, images, commentary, advice, tips, hints, guides, observations) is provided as an informational resource only.

It is certainly not a substitute for correct and accurate diagnosis or recommendation or treatment by a medical professional. Please ensure that you obtain proper guidance from your GP or other medical professional. The information provide on this website does not create any patient-medical expert relationship, and must not be used in any way as a substitute for such.

A picture of a woman's face that has a lot of acne on it. The background is black and has a white word on it saying – Acne

Guide by Condition: Acne

Acne vulgaris is known as a common acne skin condition that can affect people throughout their entire life. Acne is often associated with teenagers, as it can be linked to hormonal changes that happen during puberty. However, adults...

Continue reading

A number of red blood cells with the word – Anaemia

Guide by Condition: Anaemia

Anaemia is a condition in which there is insufficient haemoglobin and red blood cells in the body, meaning there isn’t enough to meet the body’s requirements to function as it should.

Continue reading

A close up of a man blowing his nose. The word – Anaphylaxis – can be seen

Guide by Condition: Anaphylaxis

Anaphylaxis is a severe reaction in the body caused by a specific trigger, such as an allergy. In comparison to a normal allergic reaction that may display mild symptoms, anaphylaxis can sometimes be life-threatening if not treated...

Continue reading

A large heart made from lots of small, red glass beads on a dark background. The word – Angina – can also be seen

Guide by Condition: Angina

Angina is where you suffer pain in your chest which is caused by a lack of blood flow to your heart. It is not a heart attack, but could be a warning sign that you are at...

Continue reading

A man sitting on a sofa; his hand is raised to his head, although stressed. The words – Anxiety and Stress – can be seen

Guide by Condition: Anxiety and Stress

Are you currently experiencing increased feelings of anxiety? Do you find it hard to relax and clear your thoughts? If these symptoms fit your current situation, you might be experiencing what doctors refer to as –...

Continue reading

A close up of a woman's stomach. Her right hand is pressed against the right side of her stomach, although in pain

Guide by Condition: Appendicitis

Appendicitis is a condition caused by the inflammation of the appendix.

Continue reading

A man, sideways on, with his eyes shut, is taking a shot from his ventolin inhaler. The word – Asthma – is visible

Guide by Condition: Asthma

Asthma is a chronic lung condition that affects airways and lung function.

Continue reading

A person lying on a sofa clutching her stomach, as though in pain. The words – Bowel Polyps – can be seen

Guide by Condition: Bowel Polyps

Bowel polyps are small growths on the inner lining of the bowel, or rectum, or lining of the colon, they can also be referred to as colon polyps.

Continue reading

A woman in a white t-shirt. She is holding a pink

Guide by Condition: Breast Cancer In Women

Breast cancer is the most common cancer to occur in women. According to the NHS website, 1 in 8 women will be diagnosed with a form of breast cancer during their lifetime

Continue reading

A white plate on a white background. On the plate is a rolled up tape measure; a fork is coming out from the tape measure. The words – Bulimia Nervosa – can be seen

Guide by Condition: Bulimia Nervosa

Eating disorders are on the rise, with approximately 2 in 100 women in the UK developing bulimia nervosa in their lifetime.

Continue reading

A woman lying down, blowing her nose. She is surrounded by used tissues. The word – Catarrh – can be seen

Guide by Condition: Catarrh

Catarrh is a build-up of mucus in the airways, or in a cavity of the body.

Continue reading

The waist and lower half of a woman. She is wearing jeans and a white t-shirt. Her hands are in front of the zip and button part of the jeans. The words – Cervical Cancer – can be seen

Guide by Condition: Cervical Cancer

The cervix is a part of the female reproductive system. It is a small ring that sits between the vagina and the womb.

Continue reading

A young lady wearing a very thick jumper. She also has gloves and a hat on. She is holding her hands to her face, as though she is very cold. The word – Chilblains – can be seen

Guide by Condition: Chilblains

Small, red and itchy patches on the skin are typically known as chilblains. In most cases, chilblains clear up on their own, but sometimes, a visit to the doctor may be required. 

Continue reading

Shows a man in a white t-shirt with his hand over his mouth; he looks very tired. The words – Chronic Fatigue Syndrome – can be seen

Guide by Condition: Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS)

Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) is a debilitating condition. The National Institute of Health and Care Excellence (NICE) estimates that there are up to 1 in 250 individuals suffering with the condition. 

Continue reading

A man in a blue shirt coughing, with the text Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) on the left

Guide by Condition: Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, also known as COPD, is a common lung condition characterized by obstruction of the air passages inside the lungs, known as the bronchi. COPD occurs due to the narrowing of the...

Continue reading

A woman with both her hands on her stomach, as though in pain. The words – Coeliac Disease – can be seen

Guide by Condition: Coeliac Disease

Coeliac disease is an auto-immune disease. An auto-immune disease is where your body’s immune system starts to attack itself. Coeliac disease is triggered when you eat something called gluten. Gluten is a type of protein...

Continue reading

A man covering his mouth with his hand looking shocked. The words – Cold Sores – can be seen

Guide by Condition: Cold Sores

Cold sores are highly contagious blisters that can appear around the mouth, or on the lips. They are considered to be very common and typically will go away by themselves after 7 to 10 days.

Continue reading

A woman standing up clutching her stomach with one hand; in the other hand she is holding a toilet roll. The word – Constipation – can be seen

Guide by Condition: Constipation

Constipation often causes discomfort and sometimes severe pain. It makes going to the toilet an uncomfortable experience. Some causes of constipation may also highlight other health issues.

Continue reading

A close up on a drop of water – the word – Dehydration – can be seen

Guide by Condition: Dehydration

If you’re feeling thirsty, then you might be a little dehydrated. However, dehydration goes a lot further than just needing a glass of water; it can be a serious condition that, if left untreated, can lead...

Continue reading

A close up of a woman resting her head in her raised right hand. The background is black. The word – Depression – can be seen

Guide by Condition: Depression

Depression is one of the most common illnesses affecting millions of lives all around the world. People suffering from depression describe it as an intense, overwhelming feeling of sadness, guilt and worthlessness.

Continue reading

The back view of a clothed man. He has both of his hands against his bottom. The word – Diaarhoea – can be seen

Guide by Condition: Diarrhoea

Every person has experienced diarrhoea at least once, or even several times throughout their life. Diarrhoea is a very common symptom affecting millions of people all around the world and can be caused by different...

Continue reading

A woman with both of her ears over her ears. The word – earache – can be seen

Guide by Condition: Earache

Earache is a common condition that people of all ages can experience. It can range from mild to severe pain. However, it usually doesn’t signify anything too serious.

Continue reading

A middle aged woman in a checked (pink and white) shirt, is clutching her stomach, as though in pain. The word – Endometriosis – can be seen

Guide by Condition: Endometriosis

Endometriosis is a fairly common and often painful condition in women in which endometrial-like tissue is present outside of the uterus.

Continue reading

An image of neon lights on a background with the text epilepsy on the top left

Guide by Condition: Epilepsy

Epilepsy is a condition where people get frequent seizures. It can cause a spectrum of symptoms, depending on the type of epilepsy that you have and what may have caused it.

Continue reading

The torso of an African-American woman – she clutching her stomach, although in pain. The word – Fibroids – is visible

Guide by Condition: Fibroids

Fibroids are non-cancerous growths that develop in the womb, or uterus area. These growths are made up of muscle and fibrous tissues and can be different sizes.

Continue reading

A middle aged woman, with her hands behind her back; she looks in pain. The word – Fibromyalgia – is visible

Guide by Condition: Fibromyalgia

Difficult to diagnose, the symptoms of Fibromyalgia vary from person-to-person and impacts each respective sufferer in different ways. The severity of Fibromyalgia can deviate from being something one can live with to seriously life restricting.

Continue reading

An image of a man in a blue shirt holding his stomach in pain – the words – Food Poisoning – can be seen

Guide by Condition: Food Poisoning

Food poisoning is a common illness that people get when they eat something contaminated, or toxic. In most cases, individuals will experience symptoms quickly, and these can make the sufferer feel extremely unwell for a...

Continue reading

Woman holding her head as if she has a headache with the text headaches next to it

Guide by Condition: Headaches

Almost everyone will suffer from the occasional headache. However, if you are suffering with them frequently, this is known as a – headache disorder. What this essentially means is that you are suffering from headaches...

Continue reading

A person holding a neon heard on a black background. The words - Heart Failure – can be see

Guide by Condition: Heart Failure

Heart failure (HF), also known as cardiac failure, is the term used to describe the medical condition when your heart cannot pump blood effectively to other parts of your body. Simply put, heart failure occurs...

Continue reading

An image of a sphygmomanometer and stethoscope with the text high blood pressure and high cholesterol

Guide by Condition: High Blood Pressure/High Cholesterol

A growing number of people in the UK are suffering from both high blood pressure (hypertension) and high cholesterol (hypercholesterolemia). But what exactly makes up a diagnosis of high blood pressure, or high cholesterol?

Continue reading

An image of a circuit board with the contacts in the shape of a brain with the text huntington's disease over it

Guide by Condition: Huntington's Disease

Huntington’s disease is a rare hereditary condition that causes the degeneration of brain cells over time. Progressively, the condition worsens and, subsequently, is usually fatal after approximately 20 years.

Continue reading

Guide by Condition: Incontinence

Guide by Condition: Incontinence

We learn how to go to the toilet at a young age. It is drilled into us. The idea that losing control of our bowels, or bladder, in public, is a shameful thing. It is...

Continue reading

Someone tying up their shoelaces on a pair of yellow and white trainers

Guide by Condition: Ingrown Toenail

An ingrown toenail, usually affecting the big toe, can be a painful condition for people of all ages. The most prominent sign that you have an ingrowing toenail is the pain you experience when wearing...

Continue reading

A young man lying in bed wide awake. The word – Insomnia – can be seen

Guide by Condition: Insomnia

Getting a good night’s sleep is not as simple as it seems. Once your body’s internal sleep clock gets used to a few hours of sleep, it becomes more challenging to reset that clock to...

Continue reading

A bald man with a beard scratching his beard with the word itching in the top right

Guide by Condition: Itching

Itching is a common skin complaint and, in the majority of cases, is usually not a sign of anything more serious going on. Many things can irritate the skin and all ages can experience itchy...

Continue reading

a woman grabbing her throat with the word laryngitis

Guide by Condition: Laryngitis

Laryngitis is inflammation of the larynx and causes pain and swelling in the throat. In most cases, the condition will usually go away within 1 to 2 weeks. Most commonly, laryngitis is caused by a...

Continue reading

A silhouette of a person with just their liver (as a graphic) showing. The words – Liver Disorders – can be seen

Guide by Condition: Liver Disorders

It has been estimated that around 90% of liver disorders are preventable. Despite this, more than 40 people die every day in the UK from liver disease.

Continue reading

A diagram of a person's chest with only their lungs highlighted. The words – Lung Cancer – can be seen

Guide by Condition: Lung Cancer

Cancer is where cells in a part of the body grow and reproduce uncontrollably. The cancerous cells can destroy and invade healthy tissue, including organs.

Continue reading

An outline of a body. Inside we can some yellow vines and the brain is also highlighted. Image shows what areas of the body go wrong when one has multiple sclerosis. The words – multiple sclerosis – can also be seen

Guide by Condition: Multiple Sclerosis

Multiple sclerosis, or MS, is a lifelong condition that affects the spinal cord and brain. There is a wide range of symptoms that arise from this disorder, including issues with vision, balance, leg and arm...

Continue reading

A man lying on his side in a bed and is fast asleep. The words – Obstructive Sleep Apnoea – are visible

Guide by Condition: Obstructive Sleep Apnoea

Obstructive sleep apnoea or OSA is a breathing issue that occurs when you’re sleeping. This condition is caused when the muscles in the body relax and narrow when you go to sleep.

Continue reading

The bottom half of a man sitting on a chair. The man is gripping his leg, as though in pain. The word – Oedema – can be seen

Guide by Condition: Oedema

Oedema is a condition that results in the retention of fluid, causing certain areas of the body to swell. The swelling can either occur in one place, or it can be more widespread across the whole...

Continue reading

Guide by Condition: Osteoporosis

Guide by Condition: Osteoporosis

Osteoporosis is a condition where your bones become weak. Having weaker bones means that you are more prone to fracturing or breaking them from relatively minor bumps that you would not normally expect to get...

Continue reading

An image of a man holding the front of his neck and thyroid, with the text – Overactive Thyroid – also visible

Guide by Condition: Overactive Thyroid

An overactive thyroid is also known as hyperthyroidism or thyrotoxicosis. If you have an overactive thyroid or too many of the hormones, it can cause health issues that may require treatment.

Continue reading

An image of lightning across a dark blue sky with the words peripheral neuropathy in the bottom right hand corner

Guide by Condition: Peripheral Neuropathy

Peripheral neuropathy (PN) is a medical condition characterised by damage or destruction of the peripheral nerves, i.e. the nerves that are found outside the brain and the spinal cord. These include the nerves of the...

Continue reading