Understanding the different types of patient moving and handling
There’s a lot of criteria that need considering before buying a moving and handling aid, as it’s crucial that they suit the individual’s needs. In this guide, you can find information on different types of transfer aids and what requirements to look out for.
Moving and handling someone you care for is an important part of being a carer, and it’s also important to have the right aids to help you do so.
Types of moving and handling aids
Patient hoists are an ideal way to lift individuals who cannot walk independently, as they are strong and supportive and can be used virtually anywhere. There are three main types of patient hoists, including ceiling, portable overhead and mobile.
Ceiling hoists are electrically powered transfer aids which run on overhead tracks to provide access to different rooms. If used with a sling, a ceiling hoist can prevent the need for the carer to manually lift the individual, but some ceiling hoists can only lift and lower the individual rather than move laterally to different rooms. Depending on the individual’s ability, you may want to consider whether or not to choose a hoist that can move between rooms.
Portable overhead hoists are similar to ceiling hoists, with the difference of not incorporating fixed ceiling tracks. This makes it more suitable for users who like to travel, as portable overhead hoists are designed to be easily assembled and transported. Additionally, this design is more ideal to suit individuals who can walk more independently between rooms.
Mobile hoists tend to be less expensive than ceiling hoists but require more strength from the carer if you choose a hydraulically powered hoist. More versatile than ceiling hoists, they can provide more freedom of movement and are also available in electronic versions with a reliable and rechargeable battery.
Standard transfer aids are more suited to individuals who have some mobility and independence and are usually more portable without requiring home adaptations. The following products are ideal for people who may like to travel and take their mobility aids with them.
Bed canes and rails help to transfer the individual in and out of their bed, with the help of a little support. Some designs can fit underneath the mattress to anchor the cane when getting in and out or can be fitted above the bed on a wall to offer a hoist.
Turntables and benches are an ideal portable solution for transferring from wheelchairs to beds, toilets and car seats, and vice versa. Turntables assist in swivelling your lower body from the seat if you are unable to yourself, making it comfortable and painless to turn. Benches enable the individual in sliding across to transfer themselves, so some mobility is ideal for these aids.
Grab rails and glide sheets are both suitable for individuals who have enough upper body mobility to pull themselves up. Grab rails are a simple yet effective product that can be placed anywhere to enable stability and support when transferring from place to place, and some can even be attached to tile walls by suction rather than screws. Glide sheets are portable and slippery enough to enable you to slide and turn easily, making it simpler to transfer comfortably.
Important criteria to look out for when choosing a transfer aid:
- Price. Do you have a budget for your transfer aid? A hoist will cost more than products like a swivel seat or grab rail, so think about how much you’re wanting to spend.
- Mobility. How mobile are you, or the person you’re caring for? If the individual has no mobility, a hoist operated by a carer is the best option, whilst a rail or glide sheet is ideal for those with weakened mobility.
- Adaptations. Are you willing to make any permanent house adaptations for your transfer aids? Products like hoists and some types of grab bars can require you to make changes to your living area, whereas smaller and more portable products can be removed without having to make any fixtures.
- Portability. If you like travelling or going on holiday, a portable travel aid is more suitable, such as a turntable or a glide sheet. Hoists and fixable grab rails are more ideal for individuals in their home, rather than being out and about.
- Adjustable. If the individual has certain needs and requirements, it’s important that your transfer aid can be adjusted to fit those needs. Items like grab bars and benches are less likely to be adjusted than a patient hoist is; it’s important that the individual is comfortable.